In the poem “This Room” Dharker uses the room as a personified metaphor throughout the whole poem. She talks of the room as if its living, to prove the point, in the first stanza it says “cracking through its own walls”. She personifies the room as its cracking. I think she uses the word cracking as eggs crack. An egg gives new life; this could mean that the “room” as been given new life, new meaning or it could mean cracking in the form of destruction. However I think that the “room” has been suppressed and just given new life. On the other hand, a “room” cannot be suppressed so in my personal opinion I think the “room” is a metaphor for the country in which Dharker lives.
However in the poem “Not my business”, in the first stanza; it says “Beat him soft like clay”. This is a simile, and makes the reader think that “Akanni” is beaten up so bad that he is soft. As clay is easily moulded and shaped I think she shows how severely he was beaten up and how powerless he was. I think in the next line “And stuffed him down the belly….”, it brings images of clothes and objects being forced. This brings out compassion in a reader as humans should not be forced to anything and treated like a mere object. It then starts a repetition verse. In this stanza, its say “So long they don’t take the yam From my savouring mouth?” This is important as it’s asking the reader; why should I care? It doesn’t affect me. Yet in “This room” Imtiaz Dharker just describes to the reader what’s happening however in “Not my business” it talks to the reader more. I think that Niyi Osundare does this because “Not my business” seems to be about a country being suppressed and Niyi is questioning that with the reader. The repetition of the rhetorical question verse places more importance to it and reminds the reader what the poem is about to Niyi.
In the second stanza of “This Room”, it says “The bed is lifting out of it’s nightmares”. Dharker again personifies the bed as beds cannot have nightmares. I think that the humans in the bed are having the nightmare. It also says “lifting”; this suggests effort and difficulty. I think that the reader might think that the country struggled to lift itself out of oppression. Continuing this idea, I think the “nightmare” is a tyrant or dictator. The whole poem surrounds itself in surrealism, for example “chairs are rising up to crash through the clouds”. This makes the reader have to use there imagination and relates to the theme of dreams. The word “crash” is use of onomatopoeia and phonology. In contrast “Not My Business” isn’t surrealistic, however it does uses personification; in the line “The jeep was waiting on my bewildered lawn”. I think that the lawn is meant to be Niyi; who is bewildered.
In “This Room” it uses everyday objects, this suggests to the reader routine. This routine is changing and so is the mood throughout the poem. At the beginning of the poem, it is almost hopeful however still quite dark yet by the end of it, it’s celebrating and the mood is joyful. This is confusing however it is a quite gradual transition. On the other hand, in “Not my Business”, the mood is quiet, thoughtful and sad. To illustrate the point, the last line says “Waiting, waiting in its usual silence”. Niyi is being pensive and reflective, causing the reader to do so too. The word usual makes a difference on how the reader sees this stanza as usual would make it seem ordinary and it happens often. After all the poem is about; why should someone do something about it if it doesn’t affect them? The word usual suggests that people don’t do anything and just accept it. In “This Room” people have struggled to do something about it.