To His Coy Mistress” by Andrew Marvell and “The Beggar Woman” William King Essay Sample
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To His Coy Mistress” by Andrew Marvell and “The Beggar Woman” William King Essay Sample
This essay has been committed to compare and contrast two poems. One of which is “To His Coy Mistress” authored by Andrew Marvell. He was born on March 31st 1621 and was an English metaphysical poet, as well as the son of an Anglican clergyman. He died on August 16th 1678. The second poem is “The Beggar Woman” which was published by William King. He was born in the year of 1663 and died in the year of 1712. Both poems put up with numerous resemblances that can only be obtained by reading between the lines. About love, power, sex and control have been encrypted in order to present different poetic elements such as imagery. Although they are alike they fluctuate in a variety of ways.
Both poets’ express different stories in their poem nevertheless there are many similarities. In “To His Coy Mistress” Andrew Marvell portrays the man wanting to have sex in the company of the lady. Firstly, charm is used within the poem in the bid to attempt to seduce the woman. By doing so, the gentleman is certain that he possibly will have sexual intercourse with the woman. Much of the smooth talk relates to the theme of love as spending time with the woman is well thought-out however sex is a prime matter. He says that if he had time, he would use up time it admiring each part of her body, because she deserves to be admired. He afterwards refers to intimidating the woman in order to accomplish his pleasures. He threatens her by declaring that if she dies her beauty, it will be worn out and if she doesn’t give up her virginity to him, the worms will be there to enjoy it when she is dead. This implies that the woman has not yet agreed to give him what he wants. He then begins to propose a resolution in lines 38-39 in which he feels that they ought to seize the moment now, as moment in time is limited.
In “The Beggar Woman” William King depicts the man as a seeker who has seen a woman and desires to have sex with her. There is no love or deep passion that has been emitted in this poem. He asks the beggar woman, who doesn’t seem like a tramp, if she would allow him to have sex with her. We can be acquainted that the man is in have power over her as he is said to be walking in front of the woman. In addition to this, line 11 indicates that she is carrying a baby. All the way through the play, the gentleman asks the woman to remove her clothes but she refuses to do so by making quite a few excuses. The woman frequently makes excuses to slip away from the grip of the man thus indicating that she is in complete control. As the position of power is overturned she deceives him in order to release herself of the baby who is presented as a burden. The man barely figured out that she was tricking him although she had already dumped them. The prime comparison is that both poems are mainly about sex and power.
The two poems have dissimilar tones. The manner of each poem emphasises the significance of the poem. “To His Coy Mistress” is more of a serious poem as the man proposes lots of points. From lines 1 to 7 the tone of the spokesman is more rushed as he feels that there is not an adequate amount of time. This is also present in the second stanza. The quotation “Times winged Chariot hurrying near:” which indicates there is an insufficient amount of time and that the narrator wants sex. Not only does he wish for sex but also he also loves her in a small amount. In the first and second stanzas he uses adulation in order to try and have sex, for example; “Two hundred to adore each breast, but thirty thousand to the rest.” which indicates symbols of desperation. The theme of desperation continues due to the influence of the tone upon the reader. As the poet starts to pressurize the woman we can Asses the state of affairs to conclude that, as no matter which else is not working the man has now progressed to cruelty.
Once again, signs of desperation are all pervading. The tone of the poem has changed since the beginning from being hurried to frightening. On the other hand, “The Beggar Woman” is more of a bright poem. The man wants sex upon his earliest finding of the woman therefore demonstrating that there is little sensation involved but more desire. The official English language suggests that they are strangers. This is used in the quotation “Mistress,’ quote he, ‘and what if we two should retire a little way into the wood?” The word “Mistress” indicates that they are unknown to each other. Later on in the poem, the man begins to get irritated of the excuses that the woman preaches. On the other hand, she states that “Should you be rude, and then should throw me down,” indicating that she is talking about rape consequently indicating a playful tone. Further indication of a light-hearted tone is evident within the story as the woman leaves her baby with a stranger. The quote “Cries, ‘Sir, good-bye; bent angry that we part, I trust the child to you about all my heart:” symbolising the degree of optimistic tone at ease within the poem. One poem is remarkably light-hearted whilst the other is more serious.
The poem “To His Coy Mistress” is predictable of its time as it has rhyming couplets. This proposes a very lyrical outcome and makes the poem pleasing to read. There are many rhyming couplets such as “Let us roll all our strength and all – Our sweetness up into one Ball:” which develop the effect of the poem and it gives the impression all the more overwhelming to the reader. It has a completely positive effect on the reader as it becomes joyful to read.
The pace of the poem is fast at the beginning that helps us to realise that the narrator is hurried. Then the pace slows down so that the effect has now changed to being more romantic. This continues throughout the poem adding emphasis to the tone. “The Beggar Woman” also has rhyming couplets, which is a similarity of both poems. It has rhythmical bursts, as there are seven short stanzas that compile this poem. This gives it a more edgy effect. The rhyming couplets make the edgy poem more pleasant to read and this type of rhyme scheme was typical of its time. This can be shown through the extract “He let his company the hare pursue, for he himself had other game in view:” The flow of the poem becomes fluent in effect making it excessively rhythmical and pleasurable to read. The poem is at a constant pace until the last stanza, which shows that there is a short of of emotion between the characters of the poem. It is a narrative as it enunciates what happened in a third person format. The lack of emotion and pace gives the poem a negative effect, as the reader may get bored when reading it. However this is redeemed by the rhyming couplets that add to the taste of the poem.
Andrew Marvell uses essential amounts of imagery to create lively effects. The imagery is used to let the reader to understand the deepness of the poem and what it relates to. This allows the appearance of thorough emotion to the reader, as the picture will create an animated effect. Imagery is used to severely describe something, which cannot only be expressed in words but must also be witnessed to have a long-term effect. If we take into account the quote “Times winged Chariot hurrying near:” we can psychologically create an image in our minds. In this case it would be a flying chariot with wings. When added surveillance is done we can confirm that this sentence recall Apollo, the sun God, and his fiery chariot. The word “winged,” suggests speed that brings in the idea that time is running out. The illustration of the sun itself puts importance on the passage of time, the cycle of the journey from sunrise to sunset. The extract “hurrying near” indicates that the chariot is at the rear of the narrator. This could perhaps be telling death is unavoidable and that death is the thing that haunts us. Other imagery used in the poem is words such as “Worms” on line 27, “dust” on line 29, “ashes” on line 30 and “Lust” on line 30. Many of these words produce images of death and fire. If you are cremated your body will turn into “ashes” and “dust”. The word “Lust” could also be relate to a burning desire whereas the word worms could be designated with the burial of you body.
This imagery was used to inform the lady and bring off-putting and worrying thoughts to her brain. In general the imagery creates a more vivid effect. King also uses imagery in the poem “The Beggar Woman”. He likens the baby to a “cross” comparing the baby to the crucifix and being condemned. This is so to put an unenthusiastic picture of having a baby in your mind. The narrator also suggests that the baby “Hinders the gentle dame” representing that the baby is a weigh down to the woman as it stops her from doing stuff. To a large extent of the imagery used is to highlight the effect of a description of an individual thing. In this case in point, it is the baby that has been emphasised as being a negative thing to acquire. Both poems in actual fact talk about different things. “To His Coy Mistress” talks about some love and sex whereas “The Beggar Woman” talks mainly about sex and control. Nonetheless, sex, love, power and control are the main themes that are discussed in both poems.
There is a variety of vocabulary and writing styles in both poems. In “To His Coy Mistress” there is mainly model English used and a less of slang language. The style of language used is a poetic. We can be open-minded of this as there are lots of rhyming couplets and divided stanzas. There is also usage of a range of similes and metaphors such as “My vegetable love should grow” which indicate that his love is like a vegetable and needs time as well as care to grow.
This kind of effect adds atmosphere to the poem as then a deeper understanding of the poem develops. This effect also emphasises the tone and imagery as the vocabulary allows us to differentiate between the different samples. As the tone and imagery is proliferated, additional mood is added to the poem, as now there are plenty poetic elements to lead the way in a different environment. William King uses different poetic elements and vocabulary in his poem entitled “The Beggar Woman”. Model English is used which excludes everyday verbal communication. The quote “A gentleman in hunting rode astray,” thus denoting development of proper English suggests that the characters are strangers. As a result, we realize that this poem is not about love but simply about sex between the man and the woman. Metaphors and similes are also in use in this poem. The language exemplifies the atmosphere. The vocabulary also indicates modest importance and this adds a light-hearted feeling to the poem.
Evaluating both poems, I have analysed both good and bad features of the poems. In “To His Coy Mistress” the use of alliteration is scarce. Alliteration is the replication of linked words that begin with the same letter. It is used to draw attention to the sound and movement, to strengthen feeling or join words together. The alliteration would have made the poem to have a more rhythmical effect and allowed the sensory descriptions within the poem to be more effective, had the poet used it. On the other hand the poem had a good structure with four long stanzas. There was also a use of diction, which allowed a certain atmosphere to be created by implementing a word. The use of rhyming couplets added rhythm and made the poem more enjoyable to read.
William King used lots of poetic terminology in his poem called “The Beggar Woman”. He uses lots of enjambment that adds a different and confused effect. However this allows him to express rhythm and rhyme in his poem as well as permitting him to construct longer sentences and continue his statement. The quote “A gentleman in hunting rode astray, More out of choice, than that he lost his way:” showing the use of enjambment. He also uses similes such as “like a cross” in which he compares the baby to a cross. However, the bad point is that there isn’t a lot of emotion involved in the text that makes the poem less enjoyable to read. Overall I like both poems, as one is more pleasant to read yet the other is more optimistic.
Both poems are about sex however the theme of love is deficient in one. The man requires having sex with the woman in “To His Coy Mistress” and for that reason beseeches with her to give him what he desires. We assume that love is implicated, as the man is complimentary each part of the woman’s body: “Two hundred to adore each Breast,” which acquaints us that he recognises the woman, and consequently both themes of love and sex are current. Alternatively, we can be free-thinking that “The Beggar Woman” is a poem simply about sex as the man and woman are unknown. This suggests that there is miniature or no love that is involved. At the end of the poem we recognize that the woman did not yearn for sex from the beginning. She was trying to get rid of the burden, the baby, so that she could once again enjoy a free living days. To conclude both poems are about sex yet only one is about love.