We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy

To What Extent was Palmerston a Success in His Conduct of Foreign Policy 1846-51? Essay Sample

essay
  • Pages: 4
  • Word count: 959
  • Rewriting Possibility: 99% (excellent)
  • Category: policy

Get Full Essay

Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues.

Get Access

Introduction of TOPIC

Palmerston was one of the most influential men in British Politics throughout the 19th century. During his years as British Foreign Secretary he had many successful events, which helped him gain a huge reputation. Palmerston was first present in the House of Commons in 1807, and was Prime Minister when he died in 1864 at the age of 81.

Palmerston’s actions in many events between1846-51 lead to a number of successes in his performance as British Foreign Secretary. Throughout 1848 there were revolutions in numerous European countries, inspired by a mixture of liberalism and nationalism. Palmerston’s aim was for the Austrian Empire to survive as a check to Russian expansion. In this event, he took action in trying to influence the result by persuade Austria to grant independence to Lombardy and Venetia. British warships were also dispatched. Here, a general war was avoided and the balance of power restored.

Another success for Palmerston was the Don Pacifico Affair. He was trying to support a compensation claim after his house was burnt down, though Don Pacifico was only a British Citizen as he was born in Gibraltar. A British fleet was sent to the Mediterranean and used to scare the Greeks into paying. The Port of Athens was also blockaded for a month. This situation helped maintain British prestige and reputation abroad.

The Spanish Marriages could be seen as a success yet this had little to do with the efforts of Palmerston. He tried to stop the Spanish Queens from marrying the French, yet Isabella married her cousin Duke of Cadiz, while her sister married the Duke of Montpensier, Louis Philippe’s younger son. This could be described as a diplomatic defeat as Isabella had children, which meant that Montpensier was excluded from the throne.

However, there were many events that caused anger amongst other European powers and even some of successes had a negative effect. Although the Don Pacifico affair was a success it also caused a huge political row. France, Russia and Victoria and Albert thought that they should have all been consented before action against Greece began.

The Haynau incident caused a huge rift between Palmerston and the Queen over an apology letter. This

Sorry, but full essay samples are available only for registered users

Choose a Membership Plan
was meant to express regret for the actions of workmen towards the General, yet Palmerston accused Haynau of creating trouble himself, as he knew of the public’s dislike of him. The Queen only received a copy of the letter once it had been sent, and this was the first sign of conflict.

The final downfall of Palmerston and his biggest failure was the Louis Napoleon affair. Louis Napoleon Bonaparte became president of the French Republic and Queen Victoria was adamant that the country should remain neutral to the situation. However, Palmerston congratulated Napoleon on his success and so defied the Queen. This also caused huge anger amongst the British public. His resignation was ordered and he refused confrontation by following the command.

Even though it is clear that Palmerston had a number of failures as British Foreign secretary it is clear that he was making decisions that conformed to British Foreign Policy Principles. He did not have any effect on the outcome of the Spanish Marriages yet he was trying to stop marriage between France and Spain, which is keeping any one power from becoming dominant throughout Europe. Even though he was not sympathetic with General Haynau, by apologising he is keeping good relations with Austria. This was extremely important as it lies in the centre of Europe between two of the main potentially dominant countries France and Russia. Here he was also sympathising with revolutionaries rather than powers, which represents the principle of liberty for the individual. These examples show that Palmerston was trying to adhere to British principles in all of his actions even if they were not all successful.

Although Palmerston did have a number of victories in this period, some people can claim he was not successful between 1846-51 compared to his triumphs between 1830-41. He supported Belgian independence from France by calling an international conference to discuss the matter. This was regarded as one of his greatest achievements. In 1841 he called another conference and undid the treaty of friendship between Russia and Turkey. This meant that there was no longer a threat to the balance of power in this area. These events were some of many that helped Palmerston become extremely popular with the British public.

It is clear that Palmerston was tremendously popular with the British public throughout the duration of his term as Foreign Secretary. He was involved in a number of important events that helped Britain obtain the most powerful position throughout Europe. However, things began to deteriorate once Palmerston started to ignore commands and advice from the Queen. He was needed as a good negotiator and yet it became apparent towards his downfall that he was intent on going his own way on what he thought reflected British Foreign policy principles. Therefore I feel that it was the correct decision for him to be dismissed from power in 1851. He had defied Queen Victoria on too many occasions and his actions were supposed to stand for those of the monarchy, government and the public.

Overall, I believe that his conduct of British Foreign Policy was not as successful as the period of 1830-41. He still had many achievements in a number of situations and showed great political skills and power, yet he was responsible for his own downfall in 1851.

We can write a custom essay on

To What Extent was Palmerston a Success in His Con ...
According to Your Specific Requirements.

Order an essay

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

The Thucydides Trap – Foreign Policy

Introduction: In the real-world division of power between two superpower states is not really possible. But it is still a threat to the ruling states from the rising power state. But if we go back to Machiavelli’s state of nature then we must need to agree that the prince can do whatever he needs to do to keep the power since he can’t trust anybody. Power is the center to rule the state and to be secured from the enemy. On the other hand, if we take the opinion of Thomas Hobbes then we must need to agree that the state of nature is the state of war. The state always needs to be secure from its enemy. Because there is no common power exist or there is no law. So, by gaining power is the only way to secure the state. To answer the question, I want to make...

How serious case reviews inform practice?

Some of the results of serious case reviews show that there were no policies and procedures in place to safeguard children and staff or there was violation of policies which led to cause death or gave serious harm to children by abusing or neglecting them. For example, there are a number of lessons to learn from the review of Vanessa George case who abused children under her care at Little Ted\'s nursery. Where some policies were not in place and others were not being followed. Safeguarding Training: The staff working at little teds nursery had no safeguarding training. Venessa George used to share inappropriate pictures (pictures of sexual activities) with the other members of staff. If the members of staff had safeguarding training, they could have been able to blow the whistle against sexualised behaviour of Venessa George. "Staff had attended no safeguarding training.\"  Nurseryworld,2017 This informs practice of early...

Central banking and monetary policy

1.1 Background Central banks were first established in the 17th century, with the primary purpose of providing war finance to governments and managing their debts. Their role in the economy has since evolved in a very different direction. Central banks perform several tasks such as; providing settlement services to large-value payments, oversee banks for the sake of financial stability, act as lenders-of-last-resort and implement monetary policy. These tasks and their mode of operations have been repeatedly redefined in order to resolve specific monetary and financial crises. Central banking is nowadays primarily an agency for monetary policy. It usually also has important financial stability functions, and those become more prominent during times of financial turmoil. 1.2 Objective of research The rise of China has resulted into unique ways a financial system can grow to solve financial and monetary challenges across developing countries. This paper tries to illustrate the following points The...

Popular Essays

logo

Emma Taylor

online

Hi there!
Would you like to get such a paper?
How about getting a customized one?