Transatlantic World Essay Sample
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Transatlantic World Essay Sample
The Transatlantic world before the European eve was majorly composed of people who lived isolated societies. Trade at this time was only between locals with no external contacts or international involvement. People lived in their different cultures and practiced traditions that were based on their cultural beliefs; there was no culture interexchange between various communities or people (Pomeranz, 2006).
Exploration, settlement and expansion played a crucial role in creating the modern world as it is today. Explorers travelled over the world making contact with new societies and discovering new world. With exploration, came the development of trade between continents and this increased contact in equal measure as animosity between countries as they rivaled each other in controlling trading routes and new lands that they had discovered. This essentially led to the development of systems that were aimed at creating some order and organization that is today’s world.
The Americas had a first contact with other people from other continents way back before Christopher Columbus discovered America. Evidence shows existence of pre-Columbian transoceanic contact with people from continents such as Oceania, Europe, Africa or Asia as early as 1492. The exploration around the world led by such renowned explorers as the Portuguese led to discovery of new lands. The discovery of America by Columbus pointed to the beginning of the interaction between America and Europe. This was marked by migration of people from Europe who settled in America and interacted with the Initial inhibitors of America the red Indians. The occupation raised conflict and animosity between the Indians and the immigrants as they competed for land and settlement. The growth in conflict led to the development of need to explore newer fronts for business and sources for raw materials as well as labor for American industries (Pomeranz, 2006).
At this time, industrial revolution in Europe had begun. This led to development of newer and better technology and the demand for raw materials for these industries. There was renewed need for exploration for these materials. Trade between America and Europe flourished as they exchanged goods. The exploration by European explores such as Portuguese and British led them to Africa. Africa by this time was composed of kingdoms which traded with each other and there were established contacts between Africa and Asian traders more so at the coasts of the continent. The discovery of Africa led to a rush for raw material and trade developed between the Europeans, Americans and African kingdoms. The development of The Trans Atlantic Slave Trade was one remarkable development. Africans were captured and sold to America to provide labor force in the farms. Europe benefited from the trade by receiving goods from America industries. The occupation and partitioning of Africa created states which were under colonial rule and slowly but surely led to extinction of traditional African set ups. This occupation would eventually lead to the struggle for independence by most states and hence establishment of republics in Africa (Allman, 2009).
Asia and more so the Arabs were active in the eastern coast of Africa as well as Europe the Arabs had contact with European Peninsula as early as the 13th century. Asia similarly was explored by the Portuguese explorers who later developed trade between these countries. The Arab traders traded with the people in East African coast and also fought for occupation of these coastal lands with the Portuguese and other powers. They captured the coast of Spain as well as they sought to expand trade (Gould & Onuf, 2005).
The set up for the development of a new and modern world were very much in place by the 17th century. The development of the new world was marked by revolutions that occurred 18th and 19th century. The evolutions that occurred at this time were influenced by the need for independence and formation of new states that had soverigneity. The earliest of the evolutions was the American evolution in 1775-1783. America through the revolution fought for independence from Britain and was aided by other European countries such as Spain and France. Other countries such as Haiti, French revolution among others emulated America earning independence. These revolutions brought the idea of equality of persons and development of republics to replace aristocracies and kingships. The revolutions set a centre stage for the development of a modern world that respected human beings as equal and upheld the rule of law (Geggus & Fiering, 2009).
With the development and growth in technological advance, the Americas and Europe developed day in day out. This led to the need for developing of a modern world in which people shared and benefited from the development of technology and facilities that were due to development of industry and technology. The gaining of independence by countries such as the ones in Africa, rise of pro life movements and anti slave trade campaigners led to the fall of slave trade and formation of states in Africa. This formed a centre stage for the development of the modern world as it is today with equality and respect for rule of law and more controlled trade and interactions between countries.
Allman, T. (2009). The transatlantic slave trade. Detroit, Mich.: Lucent Books. Geggus, D. P., & Fiering, N. (2009). The world of the Haitian Revolution. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. Gould, E. H., & Onuf, P. S. (2005). Empire and nation: the American Revolution in the Atlantic world. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. Pomeranz, K. (2006). The world that trade created: society, culture, and the world economy, 1400 to the present. Armonk, N.Y.: M.E. Sharpe ;.