Types of research methods and disciplines Essay Sample

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A dissertation is an extended piece of writing based on comprehensive reading and research, written by an academic scholar at an undergraduate, masters or post graduate level. In some cases, a dissertation is referred to an academic research document written at PhD level, while a Thesis may be one which is written by an academic at Masters or Undergraduate level. However the opposite is also true in other cases. Etymology

The word ‘dissertation’ was derived from the Latin word dissertātiō which means ‘discourse’ or ‘path. Types of Research
There are two types of research which can be done to develop a thesis or dissertation: Practical Research: The practical approach consists of the empirical study of the topic under research and chiefly consists of hands on approach. This involves first hand research in the form of questionnaires, surveys, interviews, observations and discussion groups.[1] Theoretical Research: A non empirical approach to research, this usually involves perusal of mostly published works like researching through archives of public libraries, court rooms and published academic journals.[2] Types of Research Method

This type of research methods involve describing in details specific situation using research tools like interviews, surveys, and observations.[3] Descriptive/Quantitative
This type of research methods requires quantifiable data involving numerical and statistical explanations. Quantitative analysis hinges on researchers understanding the assumptions inherent within different statistical models. Correlation/Regression Analysis

This research methodology involves determining the strength of the relationship between two or more variables (e.g. are violent video games correlated with aggression in children). Quasi-Experimental

This research involves the comparison of two groups, one which is influenced by an external source and another which does not. Experimental
Involves the use of random assignment to place participants in two groups: an experimental group which receives intervention, and another control group without any intervention.[4] Meta-Analysis
This research method is useful for finding out the average impact of several different studies on a hypothesis.[5] Academic Disciplines of Dissertation
A few academic disciplines for which dissertations are written are mentioned below. The art disciplines
These disciplines consists of different fields of fine arts and liberal arts including painting, music, film, classic literature and music among the most popular ones on which research is conducted. The researcher can use empirical approach to conduct surveys of public opinion; conversely he can use the non empirical approach to perform analysis on application and theory of literature, music etc.[6] The science disciplines

The scientific disciplines of medicine, mechanics, physics, and cellular biology are just a few sciences on which researchers use the empirical modes to perform first hand research both in the field as well as in the laboratory. The applications of these areas of sciences are endless and apt for students who prefer to spend time in labs. The discipline of philosophy

The discipline of philosophy does not have much application in the practical field, yet a person can create a theoretical dissertation based on analytical thinking, metaphysical interpretation and several hours of readings. Students who prefer to stay hours on end in a library are suitable for research in this field. The discipline of history

The opportunities for a dissertation in this subject are spread far and wide. A student can create a dissertation through the theoretical approach of compiling data from archives, public courthouses and from societies of history. For a more practical approach, a student can participate in archaeological expeditions or interview participants of past battles. The possibilities for this area in dissertation writing are endless. The disciplines of humanities

The study of this area might start with researching in the library, but its practical applications are not limited to it. A student has the opportunity to go out in the field and observe the different cultures and societies, interview people and compile case studies from real life experiences.

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