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Undertake Agreed Pressure Area Care Essay Sample

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Undertake Agreed Pressure Area Care Essay Sample

About this Unit
For this Unit you need to be able to undertake pressure area care for individuals, following the individual’s care plan and risk assessment, and relevant protocols and procedures within your work area.

It is aimed at prevention, that is maintaining healthy skin and preventing breakdown.

The scope is here to give you guidance on possible areas to be covered in this Unit. The terms in this section give you a list of options linked with items in the performance criteria. You need to provide evidence for any option related to your work area.

Adverse conditions include: incontinence; lack of nutritional intake; unconsciousness; confusion; surgery.

Care plan (usually kept in the care setting) includes: paper document; electronic tool.

Read more: Identify a range of interventions that can reduce the risk of skin breakdown and pressure sores

Changes include: redness, dryness; bruising; skin breakdown; scratches; swelling; oedema; incontinence; changes to conscious state — regaining consciousness or becoming unconscious.

Comfortable position and situation includes: in bed; on one side — left or right, on their back, sitting upright, on their front, using 30% tilt; in a chair; by their bed; in their room; in day room/sitting room.

Consent can be: informed; verbal.

Equipment and materials include: for maintaining hygiene — personal washing equipment; for moving ad handling — hoists, slings, slides; for positioning — pillows, chairs, mattresses, back rests.

Information and documentation: care plans, pressure area risk assessment form.

Members of staff may include: the person in charge; nurse; midwife; community staff; supervisor.

Others include: other carers such as family members.

Pressure relieving aides include: special mattresses for beds; special cushions for chairs; pillows.

Standard precautions and health and safety measures including handwashing/cleansing before, during and after the activity, the use of personal protective clothing and additional protective equipment; handling contaminated items; disposing of waste; safe moving and handling techniques and untoward incident procedures.

Support includes: physical and emotional involving reassurance; explanations about what is happening; physically holding. Your knowledge and understanding will be specifically related to legal requirements and codes of practice applicable to: your job; your work activities; the job you are doing (eg domiciliary, residential care, hospital settings); the individuals you are working with.

Values underpinning the whole of the Unit
The values underpinning this Unit have been derived from the key purpose statement1, the statement of expectations from carers and people receiving services, relevant service standards and codes of practice for health and social care in the four IK countries. They can be found in the principles of Care Unit HSC24. To achieve this Unit you must demonstrate that you have applied the principles of care outlined in Unit HSC24 in your practice and through your knowledge.

Evidence Requirements for the Unit
It is essential that you adhere to the Evidence Requirements for this Unit – please see details overleaf.

SPECIFIC Evidence Requirements for this unit
Simulation is NOT permitted for any part of this unit.
The following forms of evidence ARE mandatory:
Direct observation: Your assessor/expert witness must observe you in real work activities which provide evidence for some of the performance criteria for both elements in this unit. Reflective accounts/professional discussion: These will be a description of your practice in particular situations of how you take standard precautions in relation to infection control and other health and safety measures. You should also include a description of how you interact with individuals you are caring for. Competence of performance and knowledge could also be demonstrated using a variety of evidence from the following: Questioning/professional discussion: may be used to provide evidence of knowledge, legislation, policies and procedures which cannot be fully evidenced through direct observation or reflective accounts. In addition the assessor/expert witness may also ask questions to clarify aspects of your practice. Expert Witness: A designated expert witness (maybe a nurse) may provide direct observation of practice, questioning, professional discussion and feedback on reflective accounts to provide evidence of specialist skills. Witness testimony: can be a confirmation or authentication of the activities described in your evidence which your assessor has not seen. This could be provided by a work colleague or service user. Products – Suggestions:- Records you have completed for individuals detailing their particular need for Pressure Area Care. Organisation policy and procedures in relation to Health and Safety aspects of this Unit. These do not need to be included in your portfolio. However they will form the basis of discussion with your assessor and need to be available for the IV to authenticate.

Prior to commencing this unit you should agree and complete an assessment plan with your assessor which details the assessment methods you will be using, and the tasks you will be undertaking to demonstrate your competence. Evidence must be provided for ALL of the performance criteria, ALL of the knowledge and the parts of the scope that are relevant to your job role. The evidence must reflect the policies and procedures of your workplace and be linked to current legislation, values and the principles of best practice within Health Settings. This will include the National Service Standards and/or KSF for your areas of work and the individuals you care for. All evidence must relate to your own work practice.

Knowledge specification for this unit

Competent practice is a combination of the application of skills and knowledge informed by values and ethics. This specification details the knowledge and understanding required to carry out competent practice in the performance described in this unit.

When using this specification it is important to read the knowledge requirements in relation to expectations and requirements of your job role.

You need to provide evidence for ALL knowledge points listed below. There are a variety of ways this can be achieved so it is essential that you read the ‘knowledge evidence’ section of the Assessment Guidance.

You need to show that you know, understand and can apply in practice: Enter Evidence Numbers

1A working understanding of why you should tell the individuals what you are doing.

2A working understanding of what is meant by consent.

Legislation and organisational policy and procedures

3A basic awareness of the current local, UK legislation, national guidelines and local policies and protocols which affect your work practice in relation to undertaking agreed pressure area care: (a)health and safety

(b)moving, handling, and positioning individuals
(c)pressure area risk assessment

4A working understanding of your responsibilities and accountability in relation to the current European and National legislation, national guidelines and local policies and protocols.

Theory and practice

5A basic awareness of the importance of working within your own sphere of competence and seeking clinical advice when faced with situations outside your sphere of competence.

6A working understanding of the importance of applying standard precautions and the potential consequences of poor practice.

7A working understanding of a variety of pressure sore risk assessment tools.

8A working understanding of the uses of pressure sore risk assessment tools, including those used in your area of work.

Anatomy and physiology
9A working knowledge of the normal anatomy and physiology of the skin.

10A working knowledge of the pressure sites of the body.

11A working knowledge of the changes in appearance of the skin when skin integrity is at risk.

Care and support
12A working understanding of the factors which:
(a)put individuals at risk of skin break down and pressure sores (b)can help prevent skin break down and pressure sores

You need to show that you know, understand and can apply in practice: Enter Evidence Numbers
13A working understanding of the importance of moving individuals correctly, and the consequences of poor handling and moving techniques.

14A working understanding of why it is important to follow the care plan and risk assessment tool.

15A working understanding of the importance of team working in relation to pressure area care.

Materials and equipment
16A working understanding of the pressure relieving aids available within your care setting, and their uses.

17A working understanding of where to get further information for in respect of up-to-date information about pressure area care.

18A working understanding of where to get up-to-date information about pressure relieving aids.

19A working understanding of other individuals who you might involve in pressure area care.

Records and documentation
20A working understanding of why you must report and document the care you have given and any changes, including improvement and deterioration, you have noticed.

21A working understanding of the importance of keeping accurate and up-to-date records.

22A working understanding of the importance of immediately report any issues which are outside your own sphere of competence without delay to the relevant member of staff.

HSC217.1Prepare to carry out pressure area care
Performance criteria

1.You apply standard precautions for infection control and take other appropriate health and safety measures.

2.Work with others in a methodical and organised manner.

3.You explain to the individual what you are going to do in a manner that they will understand and obtain their consent.

4.You follow the plan of care accurately, maintaining the privacy and dignity of the individual at all times.

5.You ensure that you can carry out the procedure without obstruction from clothing or bedding.

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