Humans are collectivist animals. Meaning, humans must constantly seek each other for assistance and comfort in order to carry on their everyday lives. However, because dependence is one of many crucial basic needs, it has found its spot only in people’s deepest, unconscious memories. However, in Samuel Beckett’s Waiting for Godot, the writer utilizes his primary characters in order to emphasize the integral role of dependence in relationships; he ultimately proposes that humans must depend on each other for them to socially thrive. The general relationship between Pozzo and Lucky is that of a master and a slave. Throughout the passage, Pozzo does not seem to treat Lucky with careful respect or consideration. However, it does not strike as shocking because it perfectly fits the stereotypical relationship between a master and a slave. While Pozzo does seem to somehow take pleasure in his position, it soon becomes evident that the relationship between Lucky and Pozzo is rather interconnected and more “involved” than a mere relationship between a master and his slave.
To add to that, Pozzo does not call Lucky by his name. Instead, he frequently calls him “pig”. The word “pig” generally carries a negative connotation as pigs are commonly viewed as disgraceful animals. Such a reference reveals Pozzo’s cruel, apathetic attitude toward a more “inferior” being. Although Pozzo seems to be the ruling figure in this relationship, he is actually the one dependent on Lucky. By taking full control over this individual, he fulfills his thirst for control and power. Because he cannot readily control himself, he tries to find an alternative to this option. Thus, Lucky is Pozzo’s way of achieving the stage of self-actualization, and Pozzo is genuinely “lucky” to have Lucky beside him. In this excerpt, Vladimir and Estragon tend to repeat each other as if they are unable to formulate ideas on their own. Moreover, by having them repeat the same words or phrases, the author turns them into what seems like “mindless robots.” This transformation into robotic existences is an unfortunate side effect of falling into the hands of conformity.
Moreover, being collectivist animals, conformity becomes unavoidable. Perhaps, through Vladimir and Estragon, the author aims to demonstrate to his readers this human tendency. Just like these individuals, people generally “depend” on each other to comfortably fit into society. Throughout the entire story, Vladimir consistently reminds Estragon that they are waiting for Godot, and toward the end of the passage, Vladimir again reminds Estragon that, “We’re waiting for Godot.” Whenever Vladimir reminds Estragon of Godot, it seems that Vladimir wants to confirm their decision under conscious consensus. On the other hand, when Estragon is reminded about his true purpose only with Vladimir’s help. Thus, Beckett clearly shows that Estragon as well as Vladimir are both dependent on one another. Therefore, when they are together, they are able to solidify their goal. Just by being in each other’s presence, they are able to find assurance and to clarify their directions in life.
As shown in the play, dependence is an integral part which defines humans. Thus, people must find support among themselves in order to be “complete.” By skillfully utilizing Pozzo, Lucky, Vladimir, and Estragon, Beckett highlights the significance of dependence. Also, the writer defines the true value of relationships built on dependence, emphasizing the need for humans to embrace it. In producing this literary work, the author wishes to encourage his readers to openly seek dependence. Perhaps, that might lead to more powerful relationships, creating an opportunity for people to better their society from within.