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Water Pollution Essay Sample

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Water Pollution Essay Sample

With the development of modern agriculture and industry, water pollution has been a major problem. The reason why this issue became so important these years is that the water pollution can not only poison the creatures in the water but also affect the quality of our drinking water. Causes

The main cause of water pollution is human activities, which means the human being pollute the water by discharging the industrial, agriculture and domestic waste water. And the most serious part is the industrial waste water because of the large quantity of waste water and the difficulty of treatment. What’s more, we cannot ignore the influence of the pesticide and fertilizer from agriculture. While not all the countries are facing the water pollution problem, it is a question for the whole world. Because of the large population and global climate change, the quantity of water resource has been declined. In addition, the developing countries should be more responsible for the water quality management. With the high speed of development, they may focus more on the economic interest than environmental interest. And the worst result of water pollution is the death of people, according to a recent report, there is about 42% of death caused by unsafe drinking water. And it also cause the large amount of the fish died. Solutions

For the industries and agriculture, the most important measure is taking process to treat the wastewater. They should use facilities to treat the water before discharging them into the sea or river. What’s more, it is also important to recycle or reuse the water in order to intake less water. For the government, they should encourage both of the industries and individuals take the water pollution as a serious problem. And they need to introduce some regulation for the discharging of waste water, such as fines. For the individuals, there are many simple things we are able to do. For example, do not throw medicines or chemicals into sink, and save water by recycling use. Stakeholders

The stakeholders could include individuals, governments and industries. It is beneficial for improving the living quality, environmental quality and products quality. The local government should be responsible for the management of water quality, such as establishing the city sanitation authority. And the World Health Organization has also introduced a document named water pollution control in order to guide all the countries for water quality management. As the citizens, we have responsibility for taking action to protect the water resource. What’s more, we also have the right to supervise the government and industries about the water management. Conclusion

Although there are many policies to prevent the water pollution, the society still ask for the more efficient measure to protect the water resource. Especially in developing countries, with the increasing quantity of waste water, people argue that the government should introduce the tax for discharging waste water in order to prevent this pollution. This suggestion has not been taken in most of countries, but if the water pollution became worse, the introducing of strict policy and regulation is just the matter of time.

Reference

1. Natural resources defense council, Water, viewed by 02/04/2013 http://www.nrdc.org/water/ 2. Helmer R & Hespanhol I, 1997, Water pollution control—A guide to the use of water quality management principles, viewed by 03/04/2013, http://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/resourcesquality/watpolcontrol.pdf 3. ESchoolToday, 2010, Prevention of water pollution, viewed by 03/04/2013, http://eschooltoday.com/pollution/water-pollution/prevention-of-water-pollution.html 4. Abbaspour S, 2011, Water Quality in Developing Countries, South Asia, South Africa, Water Quality Management and Activities that Cause Water Pollution, viewed by 03/04/2013, http://www.ipcbee.com/vol15/17-U10016.pdf 5. Buzzle, 2013, Water pollution solutions, viewed by 03/04/2013, http://www.buzzle.com/articles/water-pollution-solutions.html

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