Teen pregnancy has been a constant problem for decades. Teen pregnancy not only affects the teen parents but also affects members of the community, community resources, the teen’s family and primarily the baby. There are many valuable web resources for researching public and community health issues or diseases. This writer examined multiple national, state, and local government health agency websites, which discussed teen pregnancy, and she will explain why this topic is a healthcare concern.
This writer researched various articles that discussed the national governmental health agencies outlook on teen pregnancy and her previous findings did overlap when compared to this new data. According to Stein (2010), the teen pregnancy rate has continued to decline since the 1950’s. According to Pound, (2009), the teen birth rate has steadily declined since the 1990’s. Both sources indicate that the teen birth rate did increase in the year 2005 and 2006. William Pound,the executive director of the National Conference of State Legislation, stated that Latina’s have a higher birth rate than other races and teens in foster care (Pound, 2009).
Government Structures of Teen Pregnancy
When considering administration and the delivery of multiple levels of education services, the relationship between the branches and levels of government are highly prudent. In order for students to pass a grade level or exit from the school system, nations require students to pass a national examination. When a teen becomes pregnant, that female faces more challenges academically. There is still a continuous debate regarding which level of government should be accountable for the curriculum standers. These levels of government consist of local, state, and the federal government (State University, 2014).
The amount of schools funding is profoundly subjective by the wealth of the individual communities. When a teen becomes pregnant, the pregnancy affects the teen mother and the community. Most teenage mothers drop out of school and often lose their potential. The pregnancy can also affect the teens community due to 75% of the teen mother rely on public assistance one their child is born. Most states equalize school funding based upon the contributions of state funds. If teens drop out of school, tax payer’s end up paying more since the teen is dependent on society for survival (State University, 2014).
Functions & Collaborations of Government
The government’s role in teen pregnancy prevention and sexual education continues to grow. Due to the abrupt rise in teenage pregnancies, this issue remains a problem in this country. Since this occurrence affects both the mother and the community, the government is trying to lend a helping hand (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 1998). Recently, the President and Congress relied on the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) to foster a National Strategy in addressing the rising teen birth rate challenge. The HHS is the government’s prime agency for protecting American’s health and providing human services for those who are unable to provide for themselves. The result of this collaboration was strengthening teen pregnancy.
This involvement was partially due to the mandated Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996. The HHS is also responsible for funding 31% of the teen pregnancy prevention programs in the United States (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 1998). The Center for Disease Control (CDC) has been collaborating with the state and federal government in aiding to teen pregnancy prevention programs. The CDC’s aiding is injunction to the President’s Teen Pregnancy Prevention Initiative (TTI). The CDC is also in the process of addressing disparities in teen birth rates and pregnancies.
The Office of Adolescent Health (OAH) is also assisting the CDC and the federal government in financially aiding private and public entities for teen pregnancy rate reductions and intervention programs. The prime focus is on teens from ages 15-19 and races consisting of African American’s, and Hispanic youth (Center for Disease Control, 2013). The Communitywide Initiatives (CWI) purpose is to validate the effectiveness of advanced, communitywide initiatives in teen pregnancy reductions. The CWI model is primarily interventions that will, hopefully, be implemented in specific communities in need of prevention and medical treatment. The CWI has several strategies, which include communication strategies and media campaigns (Center for Disease Control, 2013).
Public & Community Health
Public health is about improving and protecting the overall health of communities and families. This is accomplished by promoting a healthy lifestyle, preventing injuries, researching diseases and controlling infectious diseases. Public health is mainly concerned with preserving and protecting the health of the general population. The general population may consist of a small community or a large country or region (Center for Disease Control, 2014). Community health is the state of a person’s well-being. This includes physical, mental, and social health. A healthy community is a community that consistently focuses on the improvement of its social and physical environment. A healthy community focuses on developing the environments fullest potential. A healthy community is implemented in order for people to improve the quality of life. This environment helps people feel free to make various; healthy choices while feeling comfortable within their community (Center for Disease Control, 2014). Conclusion
Teen pregnancy is a growing public concern for decades. This issue affects both the teen mother and their community. Since this matter is a constant public interest, multiple national, state, and local government health agencies have funded teen pregnancy prevention programs and have conducted numerous studies in hopes of finding a helpful prevention solution for these teens.
Center for Disease Control. (2014). Health and Healthy Places. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/healthyplaces/about.htm
Center for Disease Control. (2013). Teen Pregnancy Prevention 2010–2015. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/teenpregnancy/PreventTeenPreg.htm Center
for Disease Control. (2014). What is Public Health. Retrieved from http://www.cdcfoundation.org/content/what-public-health Pound, W. T. (2009). Making a Difference for At-Risk Populations. Retrieved from http://www.ncsl.org/documents/health/teenpregnancy09.pdf
State University. (2014). Intergovernmental Relations in Education -Governance Structures, Accountability Standards and Capacity-Buildinghe Financing of Schools and Intergovernmental Relations,. Retrieved from http://education.stateuniversity.com/pages/2107/Intergovernmental-Relations-in-Education.html Stein, R. (2010). Rise in teenage pregnancy rate spurs new debate on arresting it. Retrieved from http://www.washingtonpost.com/wpdyn/content/article /2010/01/25/ AR201001503957.html U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (1998). A National Strategy to Prevent Teen Pregnancy. Retrieved from http://aspe.hhs.gov/hsp/teenp/97-98rpt.htm