The term “consent capacity” describes an adult’s ability to understand information relevant to making an informed, voluntary decision. A wide variety of diseases, disorders, conditions, and injuries can affect a person’s ability to understand such information. Informed consent is a phrase often used in law to indicate that the consent a person gives meets certain minimum standards. In order to give informed consent, the individual concerned must have adequate reasoning faculties and be in possession of all relevant facts at the time consent is given. Impairments to reasoning and judgment which may make it impossible for someone to give informed consent include such factors as basic intellectual or emotional immaturity, high levels of stress such as PTSD or as severe mental retardation, severe mental illness, intoxication, severe sleep deprivation, Alzheimer’s disease, or being in a coma.
How would you support an individual to challenge decisions concerning them.
That depends on the mental capacity of the individual you want to support. First, you must obtain their permission and then you must get them to express as exactly as possible what help they reckon they need. Then you can offer further information, suggestions, and a plan to challenge such decisions. You could offer to be their spokesperson if they weren’t confident enough to speak out, or to accompany them to any hearing or appointment. Encourage them to say how they feel and what they want. If they want to make a complaint use your complaints procedure.However, if the person is mentally impaired, you would have to get their signed permission to speak and act on their behalf before any health or social care workers would listen to you. Because of issues of confidentiality, you either have to be next of kin, or obtain powers of attorney or guardianship.
Explain the links between identity,self image and self esteem
In short, Identity is who you are, Self Image is how you see yourself and Self Esteem is how you feel about yourself. Your identity is what you think about yourself. Are you independent, confident, able, attractive etc? If so you will feel good, health, happy etc and your well being (your life and existence) will be positive. What if you aren’t independent, confident, able, attractive etc?
Self esteem comes from a positive identity. If you are dependent on others, feel useless, don’t have anyone who cares about you etc your self esteem will be low. What if you are independent, able and have good friends and family etc?
Analyse factors that contribute to the well-being of individuals
Well-being may include aspects that are:
Support an individual in a way that promotes their sense of identity, self image and self esteem. Spiritual – factors that enrich lives and touch people and are uplifting on a deep level such as religion, music and art.
Emotional – factors such as close bonds with family and friends, happy memories, having photos etc
Cultural – factors that respect the individual’s likes choices and preferences and that give them a sense of what is normal to them.
Religious – factors such as attending church or mosque or visits from their local religious leaders, being able to celebrate religious celebrations, having a quiet place to pray etc
Social – factors such as opportunities to be with others, to communicate with others, to share in a group experience.
Political – factors such as being involved and having a say in what is happening or should happen in their environment, having their opinions respected etc.
Happiness with yourself and things that directly impact you, stable finances, security, possession of things you need (ex: shelter, food, clothes, etc), and love.
Personal care, hygiene nd grooming are many factors that contribute to feeling and looking good. Feeling and looking good are important to each individual’s emotional and physical wellbeing .
A person who has low self esteem and no sense of self worth. Someone who has been physically and emotionally abused in the past. Someone that has been sexually abused. People who have substance abuse problems. The mentally ill or homeless. Someone who is mentally handicapped or medically dependent people, such as nursing home patients.
Compare the different uses of risk assessments within health and social care
There are so many,risk assessments are done on all clients in a group home and protocols developed according to the level of risk for the worker, hygiene and often assault training is provided when risk is identified, innoculations are provided for health workers working with hep positive clients, level of staffing is determined on “how at risk” staff are exposed to violence, the other side of the coin is how to protect clients from themselves or others. Traditional methods of risk assessment are full of charts and scoring systems, but the person, their objectives, dreams and life seem to get lost somewhere in the pages of tick boxes and statistics. A person centred approach seeks to focus on people’s rights to have the lifestyle that they chose, including the right to make ‘bad’decisions.
The approach described here uses person centred thinking tools, to help people and those who care about them most think in a positive and productive way about how to ensure that they can achieve the changes they want to see while keeping the issue of risk in its place. A person centred approach focuses on people’s rights to make their own choices and decisions even if this means taking risks. A risk assessment enables you to respect their choices and find the safest way to help them manage those risks. Think about care plans and risk assessments, keeping staff safe eg moving and handling and risk assessments of the environment and equipment. Risks in the environment such as fire in the building, slips and trips in particular areas etc. Risks to individuals such as getting in and out of a bath etc. Risks to staff eg using equipment, unpredictable behaviour from individuals etc. Risks in planned activities eg outings, dancing etc.
Explain how risk taking and risk assessment relate to an individuals rights and responsibilities
Rights are related to responsibilities the same way freedom comes with responsibility. Rights are privileges that someone is entitled to, while responsibilities are there to give expectations demanded.
Exlain why risk assessment need to be regularly reveiwed
Obviously, health and social care are so important. Risk assessments are vital because you are directly dealing with someone’s health and state. Social care is usually for the vunerable e.g the elderly. Regular risk assessments minimise the chances of accidents etc. It is neccesary to do regulary reviews as risk assessment only last so long as you are in premisses, also its about service user them health and conditions if they are progressing or changing we have to understand whot to do to reach their full potential and future goals and achievements. Because things change all the time, thus your risks are changing all the time. In order to keep the environment healthy and safe, you must review risks in a timely manner to keep up with the changes.