Qin Shi Huang calling himself the First Emperor after China’s unification, QIn is a pivotal figure in the history of china, after directing china, he and his chief advisor Li Si passed a series of Important economic and political reforms. He undertook huge projects which lasted years, These included unifying various sections of the great wall of china, which is now a famous city-sized mausoleum guarded by the mighty Terracotta Army, which also includes a immense national road system, this was all at the cost of human lives, in this tremendous stage of power was the establishment of his high status as a fearful leader that ruled China.
The Emperor Qin Shi Huang was a man of phenomenal talents and achievements. His conquest for a perfect military was the result of a glorious mastery of the new arts of war that he came across during this period. He removed the system of feudal enfoefment and created a compact, autocratic government, which was kept under critical essence until the fall of the last Dynasty during the early 20th century. Qin created a uniform code of law and standardized currency, weights and measures, The written language and the axel length of wagons and chariots was the code that came out of years of failing till finally brining this to a successful outcome.
In 219 BCE, as his military expansion in the south continued with the annexation of various regions in what are now Guangdong and Guangxi provinces, Qin was on the urge of completing the major canal’s which would be able to transport supplies to his army. It stretched 34km and it connected to two major rivers on the way to connecting to China’s major waterways, Thus granting transport between north and south China. To further strengthen his control of the territories and allowing him to make a series of ‘inspection tours’, Qin ordered the construction of the imperial road. The carriageway was built with a road in the middle and with a path on each side for pedestrians.
This was separated by an avenue of trees. The carriageway stretched across mountains, valleys and deserts, Measuring at an immense length of 700km. During this Qin embarked on a journey to expand his capital. He was set out to transform it from a state capital to a political, economic and cultural centre of the empire. This was in mind that it would boost the wealth and size of his city and make it easier for him to watch over powerful Neighboring couturiers and subjects. As Qin’s Emperor grew he chose to take on a task to force 120 000 rich and influential families from the former six states to migrate there. He ordered famous palaces from all the conquered states to be built along the Wei River, and in 220 BCE began the construction of the grand Palace complex.
For Qin’s personal deifications, The Emperor built a number of elegant and precise palaces, the largest of these being the E Pang Palace being positioned in the southwest Zi’an. The hall which was classified as being reception was somewhere close to 1,000 meters long and over 150 meters wide, the enormous building could hold up to 10,000 people. The amount of time and effort which was put into these palaces for the Emperors own satisfaction was enormous. Several hundred laborers were hired for the enormous undergoing construction of the palace. The only other immense building which could come close to these magnificent palaces was the Emperor’s mausoleum.
The entire mausoleum has not been explored or excavated, but yet from written records that it was an underground complex. The mausoleum stand at 76 meters in height and 1250 meters in perimeter, it was first founded as being enclosed by a rectangular inner and outer walls which were 4 to 6 meters in perimeter. Some what after the Emperors death, the ceiling of the tomb was seen as being a model of the heavens. Treasures were buried deep within the mausoleum, these were protected by devices which would trigger arrows at intruders who would enter. the workmen who worked on the tomb were buried alive to ensure that the secrets of the entranceway died with them.
Qin Shi Huang order the construction of the Terracotta warriors to be built because the emperor was afraid of being attacked by the dead in the next world.
The terracotta army figures were manufactured in workshops by government laborers and by local craftsmen, and the material used to make the terracotta warriors originated on Mount Li. The head, arms, legs and torsos were created separately and then assembled. Studies show that eight face moulds were most likely used, and then clay was added to provide individual facial features. Four main pits were associated with the terracotta army. These pits were located about 1.5km east of there burial and were close to 7 meters deep. The army was built as if to protect the tomb from the east, The east side was were all the conquered states of Qins army.
All four pits were constructed differently. Pit one was the most elaborate of them all. holding over 6,000 figures and stretching to 230 meters long and 62 meters wide. The preparation for Qin’s death as some much as it seen would never prevail he built a built a replica of his kingdom underground and he was buried at the palace in its centre. The construction of the Terracotta warriors took 720 000 people to construct and a massive 37 years to build. The terra-cotta army were created to defend his underground kingdom from attack. When they were first found it was believed that the terra-cotta warriors are all individually designed, based the faces of the Emperors actual soldiers. However, it has since been proved that all the soldiers are based on ten basic designs.
Qin Shi Huang’s endless quest for immortality
During the later years of Qin Shi Huang’s life was the time of which the emperor fell into a great obsession of living forever, he feared death some much that he desperately sought the famed elixir of life, Which would supposedly grant any mortal to live forever. His obsession with acquiring this such powerful gift made him fall prey to many who offered him such supposed elixirs. He visited the island of Zhifu three times in order to achieve his obsession with immortality.
For the emperor to obtain his immortality involved traveling to a far and mysterious island. The name of the island was Peng Lai. The emperor knew of the legend to be on this island. It said that the Island held the ever-lasting home of immortals who were suppose to posses two kinds of elixer’s. These were to keep their immortality intact. Qin knew himself that he ad to get his hands on those elixirs at any cost. He would trek up to the tops of high mountains to pray to his god(s). He would do this so that his quest would go swiftly and the prizes that he was seeking would come to him.
For Qin to acquire these precious jewels he would have to put Xu Fu in charge of the voyage to the legendary islands. Xu Fu was given a relatively small army. it consisted of young adults, even teenagers of both genders were to assist in the voyage of finding the elixer’s and brining them back to the emperor. During this time the emperor started to take his first course of mercury pills, this was in hope that they would sustain him until the elixiers would be brought back to him. To the ancient chinese This was a viable solution and this belief was not to be seen as being mistaken or taken on as ignorance.
Years past and there was still no recall of the voyage that he set out for Xu Fu and the many who assisted him along the way. The Emperor became impatient and sent others to search for the missing voyage. Eventually they came across them. They were found hiding out, when found they claimed that they were attacked by races of giant fish which protected the island and not allowing them to enter. Qin accepted this story as being true as he had been on the mercury pills for some time. Since the great emperor was afraid of death and “evil spirits”, he had workers build a series of tunnels and passage ways to each of his palaces (he owned over 200), because traveling unseen would supposedly keep him safe from the evil spirits.
Qin never wrote who would would claim the throne after his death due to the reason he was convinced that he would never die. Qin’s quest for immortality became the death of him. In 210 BCE Qin died while on one of his tours, his death was due to mercury poisoning. The emperor of china was laid to rest in his tomb protected by his Terracotta Army.