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Why Marijuana Should Remain Illegal For Medicinal Purposes? Essay Sample

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Why Marijuana Should Remain Illegal For Medicinal Purposes? Essay Sample

Introduction

Medicinal marijuana is also known as Medical Cannabis. Physicians for patients requiring stimulation of all sorts prescribe it as herbal therapy. For example, it is used to induce hunger in those with low appetite, treat glaucoma, avert vomit and diarrhea as well as relieving pain. It has been in use as early as 737 B.C. Medical marijuana can be administered through drinking, smoking, vaporization and in capsule form. Some of the countries that use marijuana for medicinal purposes include Austria, Netherlands, Spain, Germany, Israel, Portugal and some states in America among others (Roth 2001, par. 1-6). This case study seeks to oppose the argument that certain illegal substances such as marijuana should be used legally for medicinal purposes.

Proponents

Proponents argue that medicinal marijuana has more benefits to its partakers than risks. They claim that medicinal marijuana has proved to be effective in the treatment and control of symptoms as well as reducing chronic pain in patients. These conditions include glaucoma, AIDS, epilepsy, cancer, migraines, and multiple sclerosis among others. They feel that less deaths would be reported resulting from these conditions if medicinal marijuana was legalized. They also claim that medicinal marijuana has satisfied researches by the fact that it is less toxic as compared to other legal drugs This makes it safe for use in treating and relieving the above conditions. They feel that patients using medicinal marijuana should be protected by the law against penalties (ProCon Org, 2009).

The physicians who offer it as a prescription must also be protected by the law. They continue to argue that smoked marijuana has no well-clarified health risks and this makes the safer as a legal prescription. They go ahead to say that puffing is the best medicine and that air pollution poses greater health threats than a joint of marijuana. It has been established that patients partaking the medicinal marijuana were more immune to diseases than those on placebo were. They also gained weight significantly. Medicinal marijuana lessens the pain and disillusionment effects that result from terminal illnesses like cancers and AIDs. They therefore feel that medicinal marijuana should be offered on compassionate grounds (ProCon Org, 2009).

Opponents

Those opposed to legalization of medicinal marijuana as a drug argue that its medical benefits have not been documented. They feel that using marijuana is very dangerous to the health of a patient. In their view, there are safer and more effective drugs that physicians can prescribe to their patients. Marijuana is known to alter the normal functioning of the body. In many cases, it has decreased the blood pressure and increased the heart rate in many patients. These fluctuations are detrimental to an individual’s health. Smoked marijuana has diverse effects on an individual. It has been known to cause damage to the lungs, brain, and heart. It has also been associated with low immunity thus exposing patients to more ailments (ProCon Org, 2009).

People smoking marijuana have been known to suffer from memory loss as well as impaired learning. Their general outlook towards life is misjudged and their perception changes too. Compounds that cause cancer have been established to exist in smoked marijuana. It has also been attributed to accidents on both the roads and work places. In the case of reducing AIDs effects, the opponents seek to differ and their argument is that marijuana causes a deficit in immunity. This may end up exposing the already immunity weak patient to pathogens (ProCon Org, 2009).

Conclusion

From this study, medicinal marijuana could be useful to the health of a patient. At the same time, it would be absurd to overlook its negative effects to the health of a patient. The fact that it can be used as a stimulant for positive results and that it can bring relief to patients does not mean that it should be legalized since there are other drugs that can serve the same purpose. This is because long-term effects such as loss of immunity and addictions cannot be overlooked. Furthermore, medical benefits of marijuana have not been documented. Legalizing substances such as marijuana for medicinal purposes would definitely take deep evaluation of the pros and cons.

References

ProCon Org. (2009). Should marijuana be a medical option? Retrieved from

http://medicalmarijuana.procon.org/view.resource.php?resourceID=000141

Roth, R. (2001). Medical Marijuana. Retrieved from

http://serendip.brynmawr.edu/exchange/node/1901

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