Rony V. Diaz is an award-winningFilipinowriter. He has won severalPalancaAwards.He joined the paper in 2001 as executive director. He eventually became publisher and president of the Manila Times School of Journalism. Hehas taught English at U.P. Diliman and has worked for the Philippinegovernment as a Foreign Service corp Born inCabanatuan, Nueva Ecija butmoved toMindoroafter the bombing of Clark Field. Character:
Author – A boy who narrates the story and the main cast of the stories wholove their Pets.Delia – Sister of the author who hate the Pets of his brother.Eddie – A man who help in their house.Berto – a man who gave the centipede.Biryuk – A pet dog of the author. Settings:
In the house and in the ground.
When he saw her sister beating his dog.
Few Imaginations During the time his father and the author huntedsome animals in the forest. •
When her sister told Eddie and Berto to kill his dog.
When the time Berto give the Centipede to the author.
When the time the author express his feeling to her sister.
When the time the author express his feelings to her sister and her sister did not move, and she look his brother while crying and voice out all the badthings that can do her sister to his pets. Conflict:
Man’s against Man–That’s because there are a problem the author and his sister. Denouement:
When the time Delia kill the centipede of the author, and the author express his feelings.
I find this story very dramatic and very moving although I felt it on the later part of the story near the ending. I thought it was just another narrative story where scenes were just plainly stated and thing alike. Everything was at ease on the first parts. Happy family was presented. But of course, it appeared as a rather typical story of a Filipino family in a Spanish time. The family was in a middle-class. “Mats” were a normal pasalubong in Filipinos when someone was to go somewhere. Mr. Angeles in the story was just doing his fatherly actions, doing his job and making sure everyone in the family was remembered by his distributed “mats”.
But there was a slight tension happening when as he distributed the “mats” he claimed a mat whose colors were “purple and gold” which could be an implication for superiority or royalty. However the characters in story seemed unnoticed this because they were so overwhelm to the fact that the “mats” given to them were really personalized. Another tension was presented when he one by one cited to his specific children “not to use this until the year of your internship” (for Jose) and “You are not to use these mats until you go to the university.” He was imposing his authority towards his children. Or he wanted to give them something as an inspiration to get an achievement which is a common thing among parents (maybe).
And the most dramatic part started when Emilia wondered why “there are some more mats” then later on Jaime confessed that they were for “The others who aren’t here…” Emilia tried to argue with this action of her husband but as a defense he said, “Is it fair to forget them? Would it be just to disregard them?” I realized that the three others mentioned referred to their children who died at their young age.
I felt that Jaime didn’t like the idea that once people die, living people forget them. Maybe he didn’t want to be forgotten when he die.
a.Place:Nana Emilia’s Houseb.Time: The time setting for the action is in the afternoon. This storyhappened somewhat between 1950’s up to the present time. There is nospecific season for the said story but the story evolves in the evening.II. CHARACTERS:
a.Protagonist: Mr. Angelesb.Antagonist: Himself III.
The story is started by Mr. Angeles who is coming home for hisperiodic inspection trip. Then he had written in Mariveles to Nana Emiliathat he has a surprise to him that he bought mats that are made by anartistic craftsman at this area. These mats have colorful designs withtheir own distinguish weaves, design, and colors. He is excited to give itto them all.
The rising action is when Mr. Angeles is giving his surprised gift tothe whole family. And the siblings were very excited to get their gifts.And one by one, on the lighted area of the house, he gave the mats withdistinguish names and symbolism on it. c.Climax
The highest part of the story is wherein they all get the mats butthere are 3 remaining mats that must be unfolded. And Mr. Angelesunfold it one by one and he speaks in a loud voice that he offers thissimple mats to his 3 dead siblings which are Josefina, Victoria, andConcepcion
The falling action of the story is where Nana Emilia and Mr.Angeles argues about this sensitive issue that they must forget alreadybecause they are dead but Mr. Angeles is so stubborn that heemphasized that these children must not be taken for granted
e.Denouement The denouement of this story is when the cihildren heard theword exploding in the silence. They wanted to turn away and not to seethe face of their father and also when Nana Emila shivered once andtwice, bowed her head, gripped her clapsed hands between her thighs.
f.EndingAt the end of the story there was a total silence on the house. Then the mats were unfolded and each name was slowly revealed. Andthe mats for the 3 dead siblings were described
CONFLICT:Man vs. Himself
Because Mr. Angeles wants to commemorate his 3 siblings and he was soemotional that this sensitive issue must not be talked about and also theemotion was look before in himself and he find the way out to burst thatemotion by offering mats to the 3 siblings V.THEME:
“We must not forget and take for granted the people whom passed awaybecause they contributed to our life and we must respect them bycommemorating them.”
A pronoun antecedent is a word that comes before a pronoun to which the pronoun refers. Following are definitions of antecedent as well as a review about the types of pronoun, information about the functions of an antecedent in a sentence, and examples of how to use in a sentence.
Defining a Pronoun Antecedent
The word “antecedent” means something that precedes something else. In language, it is the word that a pronoun refers back to. Since the pronoun replaces the noun, it has to agree in number. So, if the antecedent, or word that comes before, is singular, then the pronoun that takes its place must also be singular. It can be confusing if there are several words between the pronoun and its antecedent. These words or clauses have no bearing on the words and they need to be ignored. Following are some special situations with examples of the correct way to have pronoun antecedent agreement. Compound subjects can be a problem.
If the subjects are joined by an “and” then the pronoun needs to be plural, as in “Bob and Paul took their books. If the subjects are joined by “or” or “nor”, then have the pronoun agree with the subject that is closer, or closest, to the pronoun. An example is “Either the actor or the singers messed up their performance. If the pronoun is referring to one thing or a unit, like a team or a jury, then the pronoun needs to be singular. An example is: “The jury has reached its verdict.” Sometimes words sound plural and are not, like measles or the news. These would need a singular pronoun, as in: “Measles is not as widespread as it once was.” This makes sense if you replace the word “measles” with “disease.” Indefinite Pronouns That Are Antecedents
There are several rules concerning the use of indefinite pronouns as antecedents and the pronoun antecedent agreement. The following indefinite pronouns are singular and need a singular pronoun: one, no one, some one, everyone, anyone, nobody, anybody, somebody, everybody, nothing, anything, something, everything, each, either, neither. An example is “Everything here has its own box.” The plural indefinite pronouns: several, both, few, and many, need to have a plural pronoun, like in this sentence: “Several are there because of their looks.” Lastly, if there is an indefinite pronoun that is being modified by a prepositional phrase, then the object of the phrase will determine the agreement between the pronoun and its antecedent. These special indefinite pronouns are: some, most, all, any, or none. Look at these two sentences: “Most of the flour fell out of its canister” and “Many of the gems have lost their shine”. If the object, like “flour” is uncountable, then the pronoun has to be singular (its). If the object is countable, like “gems”, then the pronoun needs to be plural (their). Pronoun Review
A pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun or another pronoun. Personal pronouns substitute for a certain thing or person and are classified by subjective, objective, and possessive: Subjective personal pronouns are the subject of the sentence and are: I, we, you, he, she, it, and they
Objective personal pronouns are the object of a preposition, verb, or infinitive phrase. These are: me, us, you, him, her, it, and them
Possessive personal pronouns show ownership. They are:
mine, ours, yours, his, hers, its, and theirs
Demonstrative pronouns identify and point to the noun or pronoun. They are: this, that, these, and those
Interrogative pronouns are used to ask a question. These are: who, whom, what, which whoever, whomever, whatever, and whichever Relative pronouns link clauses or phrases to the rest of the sentence. It could be: who, whoever, whom, whomever, that, which, and whichever
Indefinite pronouns are not specific and refer to all, some, or none. There are many of these, and a few are: one, few, any, nobody, anything, and everything
Reflexive pronouns refer back to the subject of a clause or sentence. These are: myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, and themselves Intensive pronouns emphasize and intensify the word preceding it. They are the same as the reflexive pronouns. An example is “I myself could not believe it.”