We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy

Five-page essay about epic satire in Jonathan Swift’s novel Essay Sample

essay
The whole doc is available only for registered users OPEN DOC

Get Full Essay

Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues.

Get Access

Five-page essay about epic satire in Jonathan Swift’s novel Essay Sample

In my five-page essay, I shall try to prove that Jonathan Swift uses epic satire within his novel. I shall limit my task by focusing on mainly the pettiness of human nature and the corruption in politics. This will be interesting to me because the corruption in politics and human nature of the eighteenth century are vastly different from today.

Swift uses satire to connect to England, his hometown, and the corruption within its society and economy. He begins with the island of Lilliput. This is where Gulliver, the main character, encounters tiny people of six-inches and soon becomes a prisoner to them. These tiny people are named Lilliputians. After a good while, Gulliver becomes trustworthy to them and is used to be an unbreakable monster against the Lilliputians enemies, the Blefuscudians. This huge ordeal is all because of a disagreement on which end an egg should be cracked on. This goes on to show how petty humans can be.

Eventually Gulliver realizes the petty and corrupt intentions of the Lilliputians and their society. Although Gulliver had realized the corruption within the Lilliputians priorities he hasn’t quite yet realized the corruption within his own government. The two cities, Lilliput and Blefuscu, represent England and France and swift uses satire to point out the “needless bickering” between the two at the time of the enlightenment, according to Wikipedia.

After returning home for a while he soon sets out for sail again and finds himself on an island called Brobdingnag. Unlike his first voyage he now comes across these humans of great size and although they fancy him just like the previous encounter; this time it’s because of his diminutive size.

When he is introduced to the royal family of Brobdingnag and the king himself converses with Gulliver about his homeland. The king, after hearing all the horrible things about England, then goes on to state that Gulliver and his people possess an excessive amount of pride and utterly disgusting. The king says, “ But, by what I have gathered from your own relation, and answers I have with much pains wringed and extorted from you. I cannot but conclude the bulk of your natives to be the most pernicious race of little odious vermin that nature ever suffered to crawl upon the surface of the earth.” (5;147)

Swift uses satire to point out that as humans we have an excessive amount of ego and pride and that humans are disgusting. He goes on to point out the flaws of the brobdingnags. For example he makes a comparison between the hairs on a mole to boat cable wires and another is how horrible the Brobdingnagians carry this awful odor.

Gulliver then travels to the floating island named Laputa. Although there are not physical attributes that set Gulliver and the Laputans apart they both have different mentalities. Laputans have a very narrow mind set and prefer to not only focus on one thing but to completely isolate themselves into their work. They basically ignore the world around them and have to be physically dragged back to reality.

Laputans live too much in the intellectual world rather than the real world. We see this when the Laputans use measurements and their way of living. Instead of using something practical like a tape measure, ruler, or measuring cup, etc. they use compasses or objects.

Laputa is a direct satire of corruption in politics. Gulliver eventually encounters the land below Laputa which is named Balnibarbi. This is supposed to represent Ireland and the rebellion at the time. Swift uses satire to point out the corruption within England by having Laputa cover them anytime they did anything wrong basically depriving them from their source of life.

Swift was using this physical difference between the two to show the royal power England held over Ireland. He also believed that rebellion wouldn’t be a thing if the royal court had cared about their citizens happiness and well being.

On his final journey Gulliver travels to a place by the name of Houyhnhnm Land where he is faced with two sets of characters. The two species are the yahoos and the others are called Houyhnhnms. Gulliver is assaulted by the ugly human-like species called the Yahoos but he is kindly saved by an intelligent horse known as one of the Houyhnhnms. Unlike all of his other voyages he wanted to find a way to escape and “for the first time in his voyages, he does not yearn for leave to come back to mankind”. (1.2, About Gulliver\’s travels)

The Land of Houyhnhnms represent Swift’s distaste for those who expound theories of philosophy and the expense of reality. Swift believed philosophy was just nonsense. This is because he was a realist.

It is commonly known that nobody is perfect so it is major that Swift made the Houyhnhnms, a basically perfect race, to be horses. It seems that Swift takes all of humans worst qualities and gives them to the yahoos. We see that they are violent, promiscuous, and gluttonous.

As Gulliver returns back to England he not only had returned to humanity but to all the immoral and wicked behavior that humanity has to offer. Gulliver feels like he can relate more to the Houyhnhnms rather than mankind and that is why he is so distant from his wife. Gulliver says,

“ my horses understand me tolerably well; I converse with them at least four hours everyday. They are strangers to bridle and saddle; they live in great amity with me, and friendship to each other. “ (11;311)

Gulliver has adapted to the Houyhnhnms lifestyle and feels like the horses are more reasonable then the humans. This is why he spends the rest of his days fancying the horses.

We can write a custom essay

According to Your Specific Requirements

Order an essay

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

Peculiarities of various assignment types

The educational process is diverse and full of interesting writing tasks which help students develop their academic abilities. Different assignments types are created by professionals in order to enhance students’ level of analytical, critical and writing skills and to vary the learning process. As a student, you will encounter numerous tasks of diverse complexities throughout your student life. Sometimes, maybe, too complicated! They have different peculiarities, structural...

Making decisions in health and social care

Critically analyses the concepts, features, and importance of costs and accounting in making decisions in health and social care Cost accounting is a method used in accounting to capture a company’s or organisation’s production costs. It assesses the input costs of every step in production, fixed costs like depreciation of capital equipment. Cost accounting measures and records costs individually then compare the input results via...

Сhildren development

Physical development 7-12 years By the age of 7 a child enjoys things such as bike riding and rollerblading they are now able to tie and untie shoelaces without adult help, they are now starting to understand what rules are and are able to follow simple rules. At 8-12 years a child improves the physical skills that they have already developed and start to see...

Forex international trading market

Introduction Forex exchange is on the rise in Namibia; resulting in more people wanting to learn how to trade to try to increase their income so that they can enhance their standard of living. Forex Foreign exchange identifies the process of converting domestic currency into international banknotes at particular exchange rates (Bofah, 2017, para.1). As the number of foreigners in Namibia is increasing, more Namibians...

Aristotelian idea of God

This image produced in 1544 shows emerging's of the Judeo-Christians and Aristotelian's traditions. Aristotle was very interested in the idea of motion and said “The world is in a constant state of motion and change”. An example of how the world is changing is the growth of trees and plants. Aristotle believed in a prime mover, which is the being which creates change in the...

Get Access To The Full Essay
icon
300+
Materials Daily
icon
100,000+ Subjects
2000+ Topics
icon
Free Plagiarism
Checker
icon
All Materials
are Cataloged Well

Sorry, but copying text is forbidden on this website. If you need this or any other sample, we can send it to you via email.

By clicking "SEND", you agree to our terms of service and privacy policy. We'll occasionally send you account related and promo emails.
Sorry, but only registered users have full access

How about getting this access
immediately?

Become a member

Your Answer Is Very Helpful For Us
Thank You A Lot!

logo

Emma Taylor

online

Hi there!
Would you like to get such a paper?
How about getting a customized one?

Couldn't Find What You Looking For?

Get access to our huge knowledge base which is continuously updated

Next Update Will Be About:
14 : 59 : 59
Become a Member