We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy

Formation of Malaysia Essay Sample

essay
The whole doc is available only for registered users OPEN DOC

Get Full Essay

Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues.

Get Access

Formation of Malaysia Essay Sample

a) Factors leading to the formation of Malaysia in 1963
1. Only Malaya was an independent nation while Singapore, Brunei, Sabah and Sarawak were still under British control. These territories were considered too small to be independent entities. It was felt that a merger with Malaya would bring early independence to these territories.

2. The British were agreeable to a merger of these territories and granting independence as there were many similarities between Malaya, Singapore, Sabah, Sarawak and Brunei, in terms of the legal system, economy, history, financial structure and people.

3. Political uncertainty in Singapore with the Socialist Front posing serious challenge to PAP’s dominance. The governments of Malaya and Britain were not in favour of the socialist forces winning in the elections and taking over Singapore’s administration.

4. Rising communist threat in these territories. There was a greater danger for Malaya and Singapore if the communists in these places join forces. By merging and granting independence to these territories, the communists could be easily defeated.

5. The British were confident their economic and social interests in these territories would be protected with the merger and independence of these territories.

6. Alliance government in Malaya realized merger must not be only with Singapore because the ethnic balance will change with Malays losing the majority. The merger proposal was to also bring in Sabah, Sarawak and Brunei to protect the indigenous people, preserve the ethnic balance and maintain their majority.

7. Sharing of economic recourses for mutual benefit. Through merger, these member states will have better economic and trade cooperation which was expected to benefit all. In particular, it was expected to bring progress to the economically less developed Sabah and Sarawak.

8. Common stand in foreign policy and international relations.

9. Other events before the formation of Malaysia.
a) Internal opposition: Though there was general agreement for the merger, some groups within these territories were against the move.
b) External opposition: Indonesia and the Philippines were against the merger. c) Cobbold Commission was formed to investigate the views of the people in Sabah and Sarawak towards the merger. Commission reported that 80 per cent of residents in the two states were in favour of the merger. d) A referendum was held in Singapore with 71 per cent of the residents favouring a merger.

e) Inter-government committee (Landsdowne Committee) was formed to prepare the basic framework of a new Malaysian Constitution.
f) Malaysia agreement signed in July 1963

a) Though initially in favour of the merger, Brunei opted out of the federation for the following reasons:

1. Several requests of Brunei were not acceded. They include the allocation of parliamentary seats, control of oil revenue, financial autonomy, investments, and low tax rates.

2. Strong opposition from the Brunei People’s Party, which wanted Brunei, Sabah and Sarawak to unite to form a North Kalimantan government. The party’s leader, A.M. Azahari, was able to influence the people of Brunei to oppose the merger.

3. Armed rebellion by the Brunei People’s Party on 8 December 1962. Though the British put down the rebellion, there were fears Brunei’s entry would cause political problems.

4. Brunei feared it would lose a large part of its wealth, especially oil revenue, if it joined the federation.

5. Concerns over the power and status of the Sultan of Brunei after merger. Brunei wanted the Sultan’s seniority in the Council of Rulers to be considered from the time he was installed as the Sultan of Brunei and not when Brunei joined the federation.

Major reasons for the separation of Singapore from the Federation of Malaysia:

1. Several misunderstandings arose between PAP and the Alliance leaders causing tense relations between the Federal Government and Singapore, especially on issues relating to the economy, party politics and ethnic relations. 2. Singapore’s concern over lack of economic development after merger. 3. PAP attempted to contest and take over the role of MCA in the Alliance government. PAP has been constantly criticizing the MCA as not being capable of representing the Chinese or bringing development to the community. 4. Several PAP campaigns were seen as intruding into issues of Malay privileges and raising ethnic tensions, which led to riots on 21 July 1964. 5. Lee Kuan Yew’s “Malaysia for Malaysians” campaign had stirred up emotions and angered Malay nationalists, with the potential of racial disturbances. 6. Tunku Abdul Rahman’s efforts to reduce tensions failed and Singapore was formally separated from Malaysia.

We can write a custom essay

According to Your Specific Requirements

Order an essay

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

It's Not Illegal If The Government Does...

From what I've learned about apartheid and from what I've read in the novel I have learned how this system has been able to survive as long as it did. I saw how only less than 30% of the population was able to oppress over 70% of the other population. I also understand how the poor were set into a perpetual state of poverty and...

Theory of Property to His Theory of...

John Locke 's labour theory of property and government has won attention from a staggering range of interpreters. Some analysts have hailed the theory as the greatest achievement of Locke's political writing, whereas others have scorned it as critically misdirected and shallow. For numerous analysts both friendly and hostile, the labour theory functions as the core of Lockean individualism, but for others the theory serves...

Quality of life and death

“Quality of life”is what most people want. However, “Quality of death”is seldom mentioned in Hong Kong.People never think about “end-of-life” care until one day they suffer from terminal illnesses or terminal conditions which are incurable. End-of-life care is defined as a care receive at the end of their lifes has a positive influence on both the patients and their families or carers.Those patients have the...

Allocation of governmental positions

The first thing that needs to be said is that I’ve chosen this topic as it seems very relevant and interesting to me. The concept of political regime is very widespread and popular among different scholars. So, let’s try to understand the meaning of this concept. According to G. O’Donnell and P. Schmitter, political regime is “the ensemble of patterns, explicit or not, that determines...

National Anti-Slavery Convention

Before the 1820s, many democratic ideals were not present. African Americans and women were still seen as inferior to white men; education wasn’t a requirement nor was it available to many individuals; alcohol was able to be consumed as when pleased and excessively; and the mentally unhealthy were treated as criminals. Government was run under a federalist system stating that states and provinces share power...

Get Access To The Full Essay
icon
300+
Materials Daily
icon
100,000+ Subjects
2000+ Topics
icon
Free Plagiarism
Checker
icon
All Materials
are Cataloged Well

Sorry, but copying text is forbidden on this website. If you need this or any other sample, we can send it to you via email.

By clicking "SEND", you agree to our terms of service and privacy policy. We'll occasionally send you account related and promo emails.

Your Answer Is Very Helpful For Us
Thank You A Lot!

logo

Emma Taylor

online

Hi there!
Would you like to get such a paper?
How about getting a customized one?