Maria Montessori work was innovative at a time when children learned by rote she encouraged children to organise their own activities and absorb information from their environment. She belived in child-led education and learning through senses, and developed constructive play, but felt that if children were encouraged to learn skills such as drawing then they would have the skills to develop their own ideas . Montessori encouraged children to learn through participation in ‘real life’ activities such as sweeping leaves and serving meals. Montessori developed a structured education programmed based on these stages including a number of special devised pieces of equipment that encouraged children to develop certain skills. She called these ‘didatic’ materials. This type of equipment is used in Montessori schools to develop specific skills and concepts.
You must plan to meet the care and learning needs of all children because Planning in the early years is about meeting young children’s needs so that they can play and learn happily in ways which will help them develop skills and knowledge Theories matter when planning For example the attachment theory John Bowlby was the first attachment theorist, describing attachment as a “lasting psychological connectedness between human beings” (Bowlby, 1969, p. 194). Bowlby believed that the earliest bonds formed by children with their caregivers have a tremendous impact that continues throughout life. According to Bowlby, attachment also serves to keep the infant close to the mother, thus improving the child’s chances of survival. The central theme of attachment theory is that mothers who are available and responsive to their infant’s needs establish a sense of security in their children.
The infant knows that the caregiver is dependable, which creates a secure base for the child to then explore the world. By meeting care and learning needs of children you must make sure you carry out observations affectively, Observations of children are vital. Because each child has a unique set of abilities and talents, observations in different situations capture these first hand. The starting point is always with the child. Observing what children choose to do, what their interests are and who and what resources they enjoy playing with. Observation also provides opportunities to gauge children’s needs and so more accurately plan next steps in their learning. you should also make sure you are following the curriculum Because without the foundation phase it be nothing standard.