We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy

Trobrianders: Men Working for Women Essay Sample

essay
The whole doc is available only for registered users OPEN DOC
  • Pages:
  • Word count: 965
  • Category: society

Get Full Essay

Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues.

Get Access

Trobrianders: Men Working for Women Essay Sample

* Yams play a prominent role in the display of conspicuous consumption, used to impress others in hope of acquiring status and prestige in the Trobriand society.

* Yam competitions are held to “announce fame and renown” (111) where one must provide guests with large quantities of yams.

* Competitors can make “good friends” (112) with members of a different clan.

* The distribution of yams allows chieftains to contract marriages create affinal relationships with other matrilineages outside of their own clan. The polygynous practices of the chieftains of the Trobriand society, gives him authority within his clan.

* The female that has produced the most yams may claim her matrilineage is “strong” allowing her to receive a greater number of marriage candidates.

Adaptation & Economic Organization

* Trobrianders are a subsistence society specializing in slash and burn horticulture.

* Yams serve as a “bank account” = contribution to the economic system

? Those that produce the largest quantities are often rewarded with valuables such as the stone axe-blade or money, known as balanced reciprocity.

* Role of women in the economy is evident in the process of yam harvests and mortuary distributions (If you are associated with the deceased you are given banana-leaf bundles).

* Men supported women by trading resources for bundles whenever women needed them. This enforces reciprocity by creating a debt that may only be repaid in a women’s wealth.

* Yams may be used to purchase several objects (i.e. Arm shells, shell necklaces, earrings, pigs, chickens and locally produced goods).

* A chief’s polygynous relationship = more wives �increase in number of banana leaf bundles �increase in individual wealth (power & wealth).

Kinship as an Organizing Principle- family and conflict

* A chief = aided by members of his matrilineage and keyawa kin during a yam harvest.

* Women= aided by their keyawa kin married daughters of men who are members of the dead person’s matrilineage during a death & mortuary distribution.

* Some men burn down village houses in retaliation for their loss to regain their ‘honour.’

Individual & Society- Status, Gender Relations and Groups

* The chief/hamlet leader success will reflect the status of his matrilineage.

* Dances = sexuality, youth and fertility [ie “slapping their hips as they thrust the lower part of their bodies forward” (112)]

* Female are in control of wealth distribution = lisaladabu.

* Division of labor: Men rely on other men “because a man cannot fill his own yam house” (122). Women create bundles and skirts = not entirely dependent on others

Belief Systems & Practices- ritual, magic and sorcery

* July-September is the time for celebration called mwasawa, meaning “play”.

* 3 types of competitions: yam, dance and cricket

* Dances are believed to be hundreds of years old through enculturation dances were handed down by ancestors, which can be loaned to others in exchange for money.

* Magic is used to transform adults into youthful, seductive performers. Monobogwa once saw his mother dancing and told her, “I always thought you were old but today you are young and beautiful” (113).

* The “overturning” of yam houses mark the ending of competitions.

* Losers of the measuring of the yam competition are believed to want to “destroy the members of the other lineage through sorcery” (115).

Moral Systems- ethnics and emotions

* Dance competitions are known for “sexual excitement” (112). It is “decidedly indiscriminate when seen against the more usual rules governing adolescent behaviour throughout the year” (112).

* “When you give too much, people worry.” The distribution of yams can cause jealousy because others try to “proclaim their own fame” (115).

* During cricket competitions the host’s team “by common consent must always win.” Thus, opposing teams “who actually are winning, get angry at the umpire’s calls” (115).

* If a death occurs during the year, the village is “closed to all playing” and yam houses are emptied to feed the mourners.

* Imkitava had to “transform each crushed bundle into a clean one because, “if you give women dirty leaf bundles that are flattened out they will scream at you: You only want to eat; you do not care about the customs for bundles” (118).

Cognitive Systems- arts and expression and symbolism

* Through dance and cricket competition aspects of sexuality is shown.

* Cricket player were “sensually dressed and magically decorated…Each is known for their chants and dance formations…The words are sexual metaphors used as one team taunts the other and exhibits their physical and sexual prowess to…young women” (114).

* Banana leaf bundles symbolize women’s wealth as “subsume all of men’s resources” (122). There are 4 types of bundles: yawovau (new), migileu (clean), yabwabogwa (old) and yapagatu (dirty) with new bundles being valued the most.

Societies & Cultures in Contact- colonialism and conversion

* After colonization, the creation of trade stores allowed Trobrianders to buy materials such as rice. Resources from stores could be traded for banana leaf bundles.

* Missionaries introduced cricket “as a substitute for village fighting and as a sport that would replace the harvest dancing and open sexuality.”

Globalization- globalization and acculturation

* Trobrianders adapted cricket and competitions would be held with other villages.

* Men decorate themselves with dancing gear and women are no longer treated as equal dance partner but have adapted the older British tradition as spectators.

* Trobrianders started to use money in order to pay school fees, government taxes, trade store goods, and airfares to the capital of Papua New Guinea.

We can write a custom essay

According to Your Specific Requirements

Order an essay

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

Poor communication skills

1 A). Challenges Facing Critical Thinking in the Contemporary Society. Critical thinking can simply be defined as the disciplined process of actively evaluation, analysing, conceptualising, application and synthesizing of information. This information may have been attained through observation, reasoning, and experience. There are challenges and conditions in life that can stand in the way of clear, coherent and cogent reasoning. The following are some of the challenges...

Jamaica - urban and society

After the first two weeks volunteering at Holywell, it became apparent the problems that were facing the park and the organization. The biggest of which was the amount of Park Rangers that responsible for hectares upon hectares of mountainous terrain. Only two Rangers per week is responsible for such a large area. Upon investigation and some awkward questioning of the park rangers, it was made...

The American Colonization Society

In 1830, The Liberator was established by William Lloyd Garrison, he was an abolitionist and a member of the American Colonization Society. On the discussion of slavery, majority of the members thought a solution for the slaves to move back to west Africa would be ideal. However, Garrison had advocated for the urgent end to slavery and to encourage rights and freedom for all slaves...

Looking at women by Scott Russell Sanders

Looking at women, an article written by Scott Russell Sanders has described how men look at women and how they perceive them. The article argues about mentality of men and describes their way of looking at women. Scott doesn’t agree with men’s perception even he has the same sex; he believes that men shouldn’t perceive women as objects rather they should give respect to women...

Common legal issues - The Law Society

1. Step 1 The legal issues is to consider whether the element of agreement needed for the formation of a legally enforceable contract has satisfied between in the scenario of Isabella and Siena. Step 2 Intention, agreement, and consideration are expected to frame a legitimately bound contract. Along these lines what we talk about here are around an intention and consideration enter to the understanding...

Get Access To The Full Essay
icon
300+
Materials Daily
icon
100,000+ Subjects
2000+ Topics
icon
Free Plagiarism
Checker
icon
All Materials
are Cataloged Well

Sorry, but copying text is forbidden on this website. If you need this or any other sample, we can send it to you via email.

By clicking "SEND", you agree to our terms of service and privacy policy. We'll occasionally send you account related and promo emails.

Your Answer Is Very Helpful For Us
Thank You A Lot!

logo

Emma Taylor

online

Hi there!
Would you like to get such a paper?
How about getting a customized one?